Childhood criminalization is the systematic, institutional, and legal process by which a child's behaviors are being transformed into crime and punished as a criminal.
For youth with a history of juvenile incarceration, mortality measured 4 times higher than the general adolescent population rate, with homicide accounting for 90% of deaths.
One study found that 52% of detained youth reported active suicidal ideation and one-third reported prior suicide attempts. Detained youth commit suicide at a rate more than 4 times greater than the general adolescent population.
66% of incarcerated boys meet criteria for at least 1 psychiatric diagnoses, with substance use, behavior disorders, and depression being the most prevalent.
75% of incarcerated girls meet criteria for at least 1 psychiatric diagnoses, with substance use, behavior disorders, and depression being the most prevalent.
Source: Barnert, E, Perry, R., & Morris, R. (2016). Juvenile Incarceration and Health. Academic Pediatrics, 16(2), 990109. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2015.09.006